Modern agronomic and enological techniques are now driving new generations to set increasingly higher quality standards and thereby boost the quality of wines from this area. Grapevines find an ideal habitat in Maremma also in terms of natural sunlight. Ripe fruit, subtle complexity, crispness and a pleasant mouth feel are common characteristics of the wines from Maremma. No other area in Tuscany can offer such a wide variety of wines, also due to the essential characteristics of the grape varieties grown here.
In the 90’s, cultivation of indigenous varieties like Ciliegiolo, Canaiolo Nero, Alicante, Sangiovese, Pugnitello, Aleatico, Vermentino, Trebbiano, Ansonica, Malvasia and Grechetto was expanded to include foreign grape varieties such as the Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet franc, Merlot, Syrah, Viognier, Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Petit Verdot, which found a new, hospitable home in Maremma. Therefore, Maremma Toscana is no longer synonymous with Sangiovese grapes. In fact, although still the sole variety cultivated by some growers, Sangiovese now occupies less than half of the overall 8,750 hectares of vineyards in the province of Grosseto.
The result is a more “innovative” range of Tuscan wines, capable of satisfying different needs and palates, from reds made with a single variety or a blend of foreign grapes, like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Franc, and Petit Verdot, or indigenous Sangiovese, Ciliegiolo and Alicante-based reds.
The majority of red grape varieties certainly have the common trait of producing easy-drinking wines bound to suitably express their character even if bottled a few months after the harvest. Nonetheless, in the last few years consumers have also increasingly started to look for superior local wines of yet untapped potential, apt to age well and yield excellent results in the medium to long-term. Vermentino, especially in coastal areas, is the main white grape cultivar used to produce the best-selling and most bottled DOC wine in the market. This grape has proven to produce high quality wine with a very complex aromatic profile, even in the worst grape-growing years. Rosé, produced with Sangiovese, Syrah, Ciliegiolo, Alicante, Merlot, and even Aleatico grapes, is another increasingly popular type of wine.