The Maremma Toscana’s widely different types of terrain make the wines produced in this vast area unique. It’s the ideal terroir for cultivating indigenous and foreign grape varieties.
The DOC Maremma Toscana
Maremma Toscana DOC wines are produced across the entire province of Grosseto, a vast 4,500 km2 area in southern Tuscany, with 8,770 hectares of vineyards across the slopes of Mount Amiata, the Maremma coastline, the Argentario peninsula, and the Island of Giglio. The extremely diverse pedoclimatic (soil and climate) conditions, typical of this geographical area, deeply influence the characteristics of the wide variety of locally produced wines. Inland, gently sloping hills paint a typically Tuscan landscape that is ideal for cultivating grapevines and olives, and then stretch northwest to reach the Colline Metallifere, and northeast towards Mount Amiata, a centuries-long dormant volcano.
In the foothills of the Volsini mountain range east of the Fiora river, the heartland of Pitigliano and Sorano, lie the hills and highlands characterized by volcanic soil, and ancient burgs clinging to tuff stone outcrops. The Argentario peninsula and Giglio island offer breathtaking panoramic views, further enhanced by a few, prized terraced vineyards perched on cliffs high above the sea. Stone structures (“palmetti”) once used to press the grapes prior to their being cellared still exist in some of the vineyards on the island, where they still uphold the traditional cultivation method of using small crossed cane partitions to support short spurs. Coastal areas with clay soil, vast pine forests and locations of extraordinary environmental importance complete the landscape of Maremma.
The Maremma Toscana is a land well worth discovering, wisely and skillfully used for viniculture and winemaking ever since the time of the Etruscans, with an unrivaled wealth of history, culture and areas of yet untamed wilderness.